Faculty of Chemistry and Earth SciencesEarth Sciences

The objective of Earth Sciences is to understand the creation and development of Planet Earth from its beginning to its current complexity. Due to the interactions between geosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere, the Earth’s surface – and with it, the human habitat – is constantly changing.

Geoscientists study the Earth system in various spatial and temporal dimensions. At the submicroscopic level, Earth Sciences study the smallest structures of rocks, while at a global level, they examine Earth’s huge litospheric plates. Earth Sciences are characterised by their interest in the dimension of time, from picoseconds – as a measurement of chemical reactions on mineral surfaces – to billions of years – as a measurement of plate tectonics and biological evolution. Earth Sciences have a special social relevance, not only in the early recognition of geohazards, such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, or meteorite impacts, but also in the area of current environmental and climate changes. By examining the processes of the geological past, it is possible to make predictions about Earth’s near and distant future. Earth Sciences play a fundamental role in answering questions about the effects that human beings have on the Earth system as well as the resilience of geo-ecosystems, and the availability of geo-resources. 

Special Features and Characteristics

Along with traditional Earth Sciences disciplines, such as Mineralogy, Geology, and Palaeontology, Heidelberg University also offers the disciplines: Environmental Geochemistry, Palaeoenvironmental Dynamics, Cosmochemistry, and Geochronology. The emphasis of the approach is to study processes in a highly precise manner, both qualitatively and quantitatively.  

The high level of analytical expertise held by the geoscientific researchers at Heidelberg University is reflected in its national laboratory for secondary ion mass spectrometry as well as numerous other advanced measuring facilities that are utilized for the instruction of laboratory courses or are available for research for final theses.  

The interpretation of high precision measuring data is critically determined by the quality of the selection and collection of samples, which is why field exercises and excursions account for a large portion of instruction. 


Primary research emphasis is in the following areas: 

  • Archaeometry and Archaeometallurgy 
  • Biogeochemistry 
  • Biostratigraphy and Paleoecology 
  • Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry 
  • Hydrogeochemistry and Hydrogeology 
  • Isotope Geology and Petrology 
  • Palynology and Paleoenvironmental Dynamics 
  • Physics of Environmental Archives   
  • Aerospace Planetology 
  • Quarternary Ocean Dynamics 
  • Sedimentology and Paleoenvironmental Dynamics 
  • Thermochronology and Archaeometry

Occupational Areas

Professional Opportunities for Geoscientists  

  • Universities and research institutes 
  • Materials industry (ceramics, glass, semiconductors, new materials) 
  • Exploration and raw materials industry (rocks, soils, gold, diamonds, gemstones) 
  • Energy industry (oil, gas, coal, geothermal energy, water) 
  • Consulting and engineering companies, architecture firms (site investigation, environmental technology) 
  • Public authorities (environmental agencies, state geological offices, German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources) 
  • Monument conservation; museums 
  • Water management  
  • Recycling or waste management companies


The BA programme in Earth Sciences enables me to understand the complex processes that govern our planet.

Sophie Steffens, 20, Earth Sciences, 5th semester Bachelor