Focus 3 · Social and Cultural Communication: Migration and Contact in Ibero-America
RESEARCH FOCUS · Communicative dynamics of linguistic and cultural communities · Mobility and its linguistic and sociocultural consequences · Cognitive, perceptive, and identity-related dimensions of migration and contact in Ibero-America
The starting points of research in Focus 3 are the social and linguistic dynamics of communication in Ibero-America and its areas of influence. Many of the geographic, political, institutional, sociological, and ethnic spaces that constitute the macro-region of Ibero-America are multilingual, and the linguistic dynamics within and between these spaces are multifaceted. Likewise, the relations with external regions reflect similar features and a similar level of complexity.
Focus 3 is therefore concentrated on the linguistic and sociocultural consequences of the intra- and inter-regional contact between languages and cultures and their communication dynamics as well as on the related cognitive processes that arise within linguistic and cultural communities. Accordingly, the foci of our research are the perceptions of linguistic and sociocultural realities, social media and the Information Society, as well as the handling of linguistic and cultural heritage.
Additionally, our research is focused on the linguistic and sociocultural consequences of mobility that arise from the migration of people. In Ibero-America, the flows of people have greatly increased over the last one and a half century, to the point of affecting its societies, politics, and economy, as well as its educational spaces. It has shaped Ibero-American linguistic landscapes and established ways of communication within the macro-region and its areas of influence. In the spaces of migration created by mobility, specific linguistic dynamics arise and the inhabitants of these regions develop particular social and communicative customs and patterns. Our researchers are particularly interested in border spaces, urban communities, and second and third generation heritage speakers in Ibero-America and related regions, such as the USA or Europe.
- Intra- and inter-regional communication dynamics in Ibero-America
- Sociolinguistic dynamics in spaces of migration and urban communities
- Social and communicative customs and patterns of second and third generation speakers in Ibero-America and in areas linked to it (i.e. United States, Europe)
- Linguistic contact and its effects: Spanish/Portuguese-/indigenous languages, Spanish/Portuguese, Spanish/English
Prof. Dr. Francisco Moreno-Fernández (Heidelberg Center for Ibero-American Studies)
Prof. Dr. Sybille Große (Department of Romance Studies)
Prof. Dr. Óscar Loureda (Institute for Translation and Interpreting)
Marta Abad Gutiérrez, M.A. (Department of Romance Studies)
Héctor Álvarez Mella, M.A. (Heidelberg Center for Ibero-American Studies)
Spanish in Europe is the demographic study of Spanish speakers through the social, cultural, and educational spaces they create and inhabit in different European countries and regions. Beyond the Spanish-speaking areas, the contemporary evolution of the Spanish language is dependent on two processes: migration flows and the spread of Spanish as a foreign language (50 million foreign-language speakers, thereof 31 million in Europe). The goal of this project is to describe and analyze how groups of speakers are shaped by these processes and how different social and linguistic environments determine their language competency and use.
At the intersection of demography, geography, and the sociology of languages, this project focuses on the interactions between language speakers, learners, and the institutions surrounding them (family, school, higher education). Mapping these networks allows us to describe the dynamics surrounding the transmission and use of the Spanish language. Additionally, spaces where Spanish is in contact with other languages in Europe can be identified. This helps us to better understand the construction of the multilingual repertoires of individuals that connect Ibero-America and Europe communicatively.
Cooperating institution: Instituto Cervantes
Known by its Spanish acronym PRESEEA, the longtime Project for the Sociolinguistic Study of Spanish from Spain and America has gained an important standing within the research community for the study of contemporary spoken Spanish. PRESEEA aims to provide researchers with trustworthy data relating to spoken language that are representative of a wide geographical area, sociolinguistically defined, and comparable. In order to optimize their efficacy in research, the data, which are in outstanding technical condition, are transcribed according to jointly defined criteria. Sociolinguistic research conducted in the Americas and Spain is being coordinated to facilitate the comparability of studies and the exchange of basic information (Moreno Fernández 1996, PRESEEA 2003). PRESEEA is being developed by a large network of research teams from 44 universities in Latin America, the USA, and Spain. Having joined this network in 2020, the Heidelberg Center for Ibero-American Studies (HCIAS) has become a coordinating and reference center for the elaboration of PRESEEA.
The technical renewal and anchorage of PRESEEA at Heidelberg University has been partially funded by Field of Focus 3 (2019).
Cooperating institutions: Universidad de Alcalá et al.
The Spanish language in the United States has a historical presence and contemporary quantitative and qualitative dimensions that require continuous analysis using the most appropriate methodological instruments. To achieve this, a corpus specific to US American Spanish is being created within the framework of the CORPEEU project. The task of elaborating this corpus of contemporary Spanish produced in the United States consists of compiling manifestations of spoken and written language in this domain. These manifestations, including translations by Spanish speakers in the United States, must be varied in time, geography, social origin, mode, and style, without predetermined criteria for exclusion. The project was initiated in 2017 at the Instituto Cervantes at Harvard University, in close collaboration with the North-American Academy of the Spanish Language. In 2020, the HCIAS will become the main reference center for the elaboration of CORPEUU.
The further technical development and anchorage of CORPEEU at Heidelberg University has been partially funded by Field of Focus 3 (2019).
Cooperating institutions: Observatorio de la lengua española y las culturas hispánicas de los Estados Unidos de la Universidad de Harvard; Academia Norteamericana de la Lengua Española