Heidelberg University
Institute of Earth Sciences
Im Neuenheimer Feld 236
69120 Heidelberg
Phone: +49 6221 54-8291
Fax: +49 6221 54-5503


Palynology & Paleoenvironmental Dynamics



Aegean Sea (Greece)

Core GeoTü SL 152 Pollen

Related publications:

Kotthoff, U., Koutsodendris, A., Pross, J., Schmiedl, G., Bornemann, A., Marino, G., Peyron, O., Schiebel, R., 2011. Impact of Lateglacial cold events on the northern Aegean region reconstructed from marine and terrestrial proxy data. Journal of Quaternary Science 26, 86-96.

Kotthoff, U., Pross, J., Müller, U.C., Peyron, O., Schmiedl, G., Schulz, H., Bordon, A., 2008. Climate dynamics in the borderlands of the Aegean Sea during formation of Sapropel S1 de­duced from a marine pollen record. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 832-845.

Kotthoff, U., Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Schmiedl, G., Lawson, I.T., van de Schootbrugge, B., Schulz, H., 2008. Lateglacial and Holocene vegetation dynamics in the Aegean region: An in­tegrated view based on pollen data from marine and terrestrial archives. The Holocene 18, 1019-1032.

Dethlingen (Germany)


Climate reconstructions, Oxygen isotopes

Diatoms, TOC, TN

Related publications:

Koutsodendris, A., Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Brauer, A., Kotthoff, U., Lotter, A.F., 2010. Vegetation dynamics and climate variability during the Holsteinian interglacial based on a pollen record from Dethlingen (northern Germany). Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 3298-3307.

Koutsodendris, A., Pross, J., Müller, U.C., Brauer, A., Fletcher, W.J., Kühl, N., Kirilova, E., Verhagen, F.T.M., Lücke, A., Lotter, A.F., 2012. A short-term climate oscillation during the Holsteinian interglacial (MIS 11c): An analogy to the 8.2 ka climatic event? Global and Planetary Change 92, 224-235.

Koutsodendris, A., Lotter, A.F., Kirilova, E., Brauer, A., Pross, J., 2013. Evolution of a Holsteinian (MIS 11) paleolake ecosystem based on a 12-kyr-long diatom record from Dethlingen (northern Germany). Boreas 42, 714-728.

Etoliko Lagoon (Greece)

Varve chronology, Microfacies, Pollen, Dinocysts, Diatoms, Oxygen and Carbon Isotopes

Related publications:

Koutsodendris, A., Brauer, A., Reed, J.M., Plessen, B., Friedrich, O., Hennrich, B., Zacharias, I., Pross, J., 2017. Climate variability in SE Europe since 1450 AD based on a varved sediment record from Etoliko Lagoon (western Greece). Quaternary Science Reviews 159, 63-76.

Koutsodendris, A., Brauer, A., Zacharias, I., Putyrskaya, V., Klemt, E., Sangiorgi, F., Pross, J., 2015. Ecosystem response to human- and climate-induced environmental stress on an anoxic coastal lagoon (Etoliko, Greece) since 1930 AD. Journal of Paleolimnology 53, 255-270.

Füramoos (Germany)

Geochemical data

Pollen data Late Glacial - Holocene

Pollen data late MIS 6 - MIS 1

Related publication:

Kern, O.A., Koutsodendris, A., Allstädt, F.J., Mächtle, B., Peteet, D.M., Kalaitzidis, S., Christanis, K., Pross, J., 2022. A near-continuous record of climate and ecosystem variability in Central Europe during the past 130 kyrs (Marine Isotope Stages 5–1) from Füramoos, southern Germany. Quaternary Science Reviews 284, 107505.

Kern, O.A., Koutsodendris, A., Pross, J., 2021. Palynological data for the Late Glacial and Holocene (14.5–0 ka BP) from Füramoos, Southern Germany. Data in Brief 39, 107650.

Kern, O.A., Koutsodendris, A., Süfke, F., Gutjahr, M., Mächtle, B., Pross, J., 2021. Persistent, multi-sourced lead contamination in Central Europe since the Bronze Age recorded in the Füramoos peat bog, Germany. Anthropocene 36, 100310.

IODP Site U1478 (Mozambique Channel)

Age tie points

XRF data

Related publication:

Koutsodendris, A., Nakajima, K., Kaboth-Bahr, S., Berke, M.A., Franzese, A.M., Hall, I.R., Hemming, S.R., Just, J., LeVay, L.J., Pross, J., Robinson, R., and IODP Expedition 361 scientists, 2021. A Plio-Pleistocene (c. 0–4 Ma) cyclostratigraphy for IODP Site U1478 (Mozambique Channel, SW Indian Ocean): Exploring an offshore record of paleoclimate and ecosystem variability in SE Africa. Newsletters on Stratigraphy 54,159-181.

Jammertal (Germany)


Related publication:

Müller, U.C., Klotz, S., Geyh, M.A., Pross, J., Bond, G.C., 2005. Cyclic climate fluctuations dur­ing the last interglacial in central Europe. Geology 33, 449-452.

Lake Ohrid (Albania/North Macedonia)

Age model, glass shard analyses and selected pollen data of the DEEP composite record

Pollen data of the DEEP composite record

Geochemical analyses of tephras from the DEEP record

Related publications:

Kousis, I., Koutsodendris, A., Peyron, O., Leicher, N., Francke, A., Wagner, B., Giaccio, B., Knipping, M., Pross, J., 2018. Centennial-scale vegetation dynamics and climate variability in SE Europe during Marine Isotope Stage 11 based on a pollen record from Lake Ohrid. Quaternary Science Reviews 190, 20-38.

Koutsodendris, A., Kousis, I., Peyron, O., Wagner, B., Pross, J., 2019. The Marine Isotope Stage 12 pollen record from Lake Ohrid (SE Europe): Investigating short-term climate change under extreme glacial conditions. Quaternary Science Reviews 221, 105873.

Lake Vouliagmeni (Greece)


Loss on Ignition (550°C)



XRF Core 15-1

XRF Core 15-4

Related Publications:

Koutsodendris, A., Brauer, A., Friedrich, O., Tjallingii, R., Putyrskaya, V., Hennrich, B., Kühn, R., Klemt E., Pross, J., 2023. Natural and human-induced ecosystem change in SE Europe since 1700 AD derived from a partially varved sediment record from Lake Vouliagmeni (Greece). Holocene 33, 1207-1220.

ODP Site 964 (Mediterranean Sea)

Geochemical data

Related publication:

Vakhrameeva, P., Koutsodendris, A., Wulf, S., Portnyagin, M., Appelt, O., Ludwig, T., Trieloff, M., Pross, J., 2021. Land-sea correlations in the Eastern Mediterranean region over the past c. 800 kyr based on macro- and cryptotephras from ODP Site 964 (Ionian Basin). Quaternary Science Reviews 255,106811.

Paleolake Idaho (western United States)

Pollen-taxa percentages and quantitative climate estimates

Related publication:

Allstädt, F.J., Koutsodendris, A., Appel, E., Rösler, W., Reichgelt, T., Kaboth-Bahr, S., Prokopenko, A.A., Pross, J., 2021. Late Pliocene to early Pleistocene climate dynamics in western North America based on a new pollen record from paleo-Lake Idaho. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments 101, 177-195.

Qaidam Basin (NE Tibetan Plateau, China)


Pollen-taxa percentages of the SG-1 record (712–1225 ka)

Pollen-taxa percentages of the SG-1 record (122–7361 ka)

Geochemical and biotic data of the SG-1 record


Grain size data of the SG-1 record

SG-1b age-model

SG-1b sed-rate, Rb-Sr-ratio

Related publications:

Kaboth-Bahr, S., Koutsodendris, A., Lu, Y., Nakajima, K., Zeeden, C., Appel, E., Fang, X., Rösler, W., Friedrich, O., Pross, J., 2020. A late Pliocene to early Pleistocene (3.3–2.1 Ma) orbital chronology for the Qaidam Basin paleolake (NE Tibetan Plateau) based on the SG-1b drillcore record. Newsletters on Stratigraphy 53, 479-496.
Koutsodendris, A., Sachse, D., Appel, E., Herb, C., Fischer, T., Fang, X.M., Pross, J., 2018. Prolonged monsoonal moisture availability preconditioned glaciation of the Tibetan Plateau during the Mid-Pleistocene Transition. Geophysical Research Letters 45, 13020-13030.
Koutsodendris, A., Allstädt, F.J., Kern, O.A., Kousis, I., Schwarz, F., Vannacci, M., Woutersen, A., Appel, E., Berke, M.A., Fang, X., Friedrich, O., Hoorn, C., Salzmann, U., Pross, J., 2019. Late Pliocene vegetation turnover on the NE Tibetan Plateau (Central Asia) triggered by early Northern Hemisphere glaciation. Global and Planetary Change 180, 117-125.
Lu, Y., Dewald, N., Koutsodendris, A., Kaboth-Bahr, S., Rösler, W., Fang, X., Pross, J., Appel, E., Friedrich, O., 2020: Sedimentological evidence for glacial-interglacial climate fluctuations in NE Tibetan Plateau during the late Pliocene and early Pleistocene.  Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology 35, e2020PA003864.

Tenaghi Philippon (Greece)


Pollen percentages (MIS 1-12)


Geochemical data (MIS 1-5) 

Geochemical data (MIS 7e-9)

Geochemical data (MIS 10-12)


Age-depth model (MIS 1-5)

Age-depth model (MIS 1-12)


GDGTs (MIS 10-11)

n-alkanes (MIS 10-11)

Levoglucosan (MIS 10-11)

XRF core scanning:

XRF data (MIS 1-12)


Related publications:

Koutsodendris, A., Dakos, V., Fletcher, W.J., Knipping, M., Kotthoff, U., Milner, A.M., Müller, U.C., Kaboth-Bahr, S., Kern, O.A., Kolb, L., Vakhrameeva, P., Wulf, S., Christanis, K., Schmiedl, G., Pross, J.2023. Atmospheric CO2 forcing on Mediterranean biomes during the past 500 kyrs. Nature Communications 14, 1664.

Ardenghi, N., Mulch, A., Koutsodendris, A., Pross, J., Kahmen, A., Niedermeyer, E., 2019. Temperature and moisture variability in the eastern Mediterranean region during Marine Isotope Stages 11–10 based on biomarker analysis of the Tenaghi Philippon peat deposit. Quaternary Science Reviews 225, 105977.

Vakhrameeva, P., Wulf, S., Koutsodendris, A., Tjallingii, R., Fletcher, W.J., Appelt, O., Ludwig, T., Knipping, M., Trieloff, M., Pross, J., 2019. Eastern Mediterranean volcanism during Marine Isotope Stages 9 to 7e (335–235 ka): Insights from cryptotephra layers at Tenaghi Phi­lip­pon, Greece. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 380, 31-47.

Vakhrameeva, P., Koutsodendris, A., Wulf, S., Fletcher, W.J., Appelt, O., Knipping, M., Ger­tis­ser, R., Trieloff, M., Pross, J., 2018. The cryptotephra record of the Marine Iso­tope Stage 12 to 10 interval (460–335 ka) at Tenaghi Philippon, Greece: Exploring chro­no­lo­gi­cal markers for the Middle Pleistocene of the Eastern Mediterranean region. Qua­ter­­nary Scien­ce Reviews 200, 313-333.

Wulf, S., Hardiman, M., Staff, R.A., Koutsodendris, A., Appelt, O., Blockley, S.P.E., Lowe, J.J., Man­ning, C.J., Ottolini, L., Schmitt, A.K., Smith, V.C., Tomlinson, E.L., Vakhrameeva, P., Knip­ping, M., Kotthoff, U., Milner, A.M., Müller, U.C., Christanis, K., Kalaitzidis, S., Tzedakis, C., Schmiedl, G., Pross, J., 2018. The Marine Isotope Stage 1 to 5 cryptotephra record of Te­na­ghi Philippon, Greece: Towards a detailed tephrostratigraphic framework for the Eastern Medi­ter­ranean region. Qua­ter­­nary Science Reviews 186, 236-262.  

Albert, P.G., Hardiman, M., Keller, J., Tomlinson, E.L., Bourne, A.J., Smith, V.C., Wulf, S., Zanchetta, G., Sulpizio, R., Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Ottolini, L., Matthews, I.P., Blockley, S.P.E., Menzies, M.A., 2015. Revisiting the Y-3 tephrostratigraphic marker: new diagnostic glass geochemistry, improved age estimate and climatostratigraphical context. Quaternary Science Reviews 118, 105-121.

Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Tzedakis, P.C., Gamble, C., Kotthoff, U., Schmiedl, G., Wulf, S., Christanis, K., 2011. The role of climate in the spread of modern humans into Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews 30, 273-279.



Floersheim and Bodenheim (Germany)



Climate reconstructions (Fl)

Climate reconstructions (Bo)

Related publications:

Pross, J., Bruch, A.A., Kvacek, Z., 1998. Paläoklima-Rekonstruktionen für den Mittleren Rupelton (Unter-Oligozän) des Mainzer Beckens auf der Basis mikro- und makrobotanischer Befunde. Mainzer Geowissenschaftliche Mitteilungen 27, 79-92.

Pross, J., Bruch, A.A., Mosbrugger, V., Kvacek, Z., 2001. Paleogene pollen and spores as a tool for quantitative paleoclimate reconstructions: the Oligocene of Central Europe in Goodman, D.K., Clarke, R.T. (eds.), Proceedings IX International Palynological Congress, Houston, Texas. AASP Foundation, Dallas, 299-310.

IODP Site U1406 (Newfoundland margin)


Related publication:

Egger, L.M., Bahr, A., Friedrich, O., Wilson, P.A., Norris, R.D., van Peer, T.E., Lippert, P.C., Lie­brand, D., Pross, J., 2018. Sea-level and surface-water change in the western North At­lan­tic across the Oligocene–Miocene Transition: a palynological perspective from IODP Site U1406 (New­foundland margin). Marine Micropaleontology 139, 57-71.

IODP Site U1356 (off Antarctica)

Sporomorphs/R code

Climate reconstructions

Related publications:

Pross, J., Contreras, L., Bijl, P.K., Greenwood, D.R., Bohaty, S.M., Schouten, S., Bendle, J.A., Röhl, U., Tauxe, L., Raine, J.I., Huck, C.E., van de Flierdt, T., Jamieson, S.R., Stickley, C.E., van de Schootbrugge, B., Escutia, C., Brinkhuis, H., Expedition 318 Scientists, 2012. Persistent near-tropical warmth on the Antarctic continent during the early Eocene epoch. Nature 488, 73-77.

Contreras, L., Pross, J., Bijl, P.K., Koutsodendris, A., Raine, J.I., van de Schootbrugge, B., Brinkhuis, H., 2013. Early to middle Eocene vegetation dynamics at the Wilkes Land Margin (East Antarctica). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 197, 119-142.

Point Margaret (Southern Australia)

Pollen-taxa percentages, GDGT- and pollen-based quantitative climate estimates

Related publication:

Huurdeman, E.P., Frieling, J., Reichgelt, T., Bijl, P.K., Bohaty, S.M., Holdgate, G.R., Gallagher, S.J., Peterse, F., Greenwood, D.R., Pross, J., 2021. Rapid expansion of meso-megathermal rain forests into the southern high latitudes at the onset of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Geology 49, 40-44.

Upper Rhine Graben (Germany)


Related publication:

Pross, J., Schmiedl, G., 2002. Early Oligocene dinoflagellate cysts from the northern Rhine Gra­ben (SW Germany): Paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic implications. Marine Micropaleontol­ogy 45, 1-24.



Höllviken-2 (Sweden), Mariental (Germany), Mingolsheim (Germany)


Related publication:

van de Schootbrugge, B., Quan, T.M., Lindstrom, S., Püttmann, W., Heunisch, C., Pross, J., Fiebig, J., Rosenthal, Y., Falkowski, P.G., 2009. Floral changes across the Triassic/Jurassic boundary linked to flood basalt volcanism. Nature Geoscience 2, 589-594.

Mariental (Germany), Rosswinkel (France)


Related publication:

Richoz, S., van de Schootbrugge, B., Pross, J., Püttmann, W., Heunisch, C., Fiebig, J., Schou-ten, S., Wignall, P.B., 2012. Hydrogen sulphide poisoning of shallow seas following the end-Triassic extinction. Nature Geoscience 5, 662-667.

Editor: Email
Latest Revision: 2023-12-21
zum Seitenanfang/up