Research magazine "Ruperto Carola" - fascicle 3/95


Ruperto Carola 3/95 Heavy Ions and Rasterscan - New Avenues in Radiation Therapy The spiritual approach to scholarship is no longer frowned upon. Intuition, imagination and empathy are all qualities needed as much by German Studies scholars as by ethnologists. Ever since these disciplines emerged in the 19th century they have had methodological similarities grounded in the encyclopedic nature of their ambitions. In the title feature of the new issue of Heidelberg University's research magazine "Ruperto Carola", Dietrich Harth of the Department of German Studies looks at instances of the interface between literary studies and cultural anthropology and outlines new interdisciplinary approaches and projects for the future. The rest of the issue is given over to the following topics: the chimera of equal opportunities for women in socialist Hungary; a new radiation procedure using heavy ions (a joint tumour therapy project uniting medical scientists and physicists); a new data bank for the German-Spanish translation of "realia"; the physiological effect of high altitudes on the body; and a portrait of the new director of the Mental Health Centre, Fritz A. Henn. Is the university as powerful a force for innovation as it could be? In the Editorial, deputy vice-chancellor Prof. Jörg Hüfner asks if there is any justification behind criticisms of the allegedly sluggish transfer of technology and know-how from universities to industry. Hüfner makes the point that one of the central functions of the university, that of transferring knowledge via its graduates, has been hamstrung by restrictive personnel policies on the part of companies. Direct cooperation on research projects can look back on a certain tradition but there's still plenty of room for improvement, as studies on the know-how transfer requirements of small and medium-sized enterprises demonstrate. New ways of filling in the "gaps between fundamental and applied research" are part and parcel of the present research policy pursued by the major extra-mural research subsidizers. The present vice-chancellor's office also gets in touch directly with companies. Then there are the transfer settings represented by the Rhine-Neckar Round-Table Group, the newly-established image processing forum, the presence of the university at trade fairs and the research data bank. Hüfner hopes that openness, exchange and joint research will "ultimately benefit our graduates". The release of hitherto classified material from the census in Hungary throws new light on conditions there under the communist regime. The much-vaunted equal opportunities principle for men and women was a sham. The second article in the new magazine is by geographer Peter Meusburger. His geopolitical analysis of conditions in pre-1989 Hungary slaughters one of the sacred cows held sacrosanct by champions of the classless society. His studies show that marked stratificational and regional differences in female employment rates stand in crass contrast to the official claims of the regime. Drawing upon the very latest data he also analyzes present trends and changes in the system of values of Hungarian society after the 1989 sea-change. "Sharpshooting with Heavy Ions" is the title of the next article, a joint product from scientists working at the Institute of Physics, Heidelberg University's Radiology Clinic and the Heavy-Ion Research Centre (GSI) in Darmstadt. The German Cancer Research Institute is another centre participating in the joint project designed to open up new vistas in radiation therapy. The authors state that in conjunction with the "intensity-controlled Rasterscan procedure" developed by the GSI heavy-ion therapy paves the way for unprecedentedly precise and effective tumour radiation with hardly any deterimental impact on healthy tissue. At present they have entered the clinical testing stage and are working on ways of further improving this "active, extremely accurate radiation technique". Some words - like "googly" in British English or "gerrymandering" in American - are only understandable in the context of a national culture and can be quite a headache for translators. What assistance can they be provided with in finding adequate renderings of such "realia" in other languages? This problem has been tackled by scholars and students at the Institute of Translation and Interpretation. Nelson Cartagena outlines the purpose and organization of the new dictionary of "Realia Designations in Latin American Literature" compiled in the form of an expandable interactive data bank. The subject of the next article is medical research at mountain-top level. Peter Bärtsch of the Department of Sport and Fitness Medicine at the University Medical Research and Outpatients Clinic has spent some time at the Margherita-Hütte international research laboratory 10,000 feet up in the Swiss mountains studying the physiological consequences of high altitudes on the human body. He outlines the 100-year-old history of the laboratory and the progress being made in research into acute mountain sickness and high-altitude pulmonary edemas. How can these conditions be treated or prevented? With high-altitude tourism booming as never before, these studies appear particularly relevant, above all for the spin-off they can be expected to provide for clinical medicine and its approach to other equally acute pulmonary disorders and oxygen starvation. "Yes, I'm an optimist." Michael Schwarz' portrait of Fritz A. Henn, the new director of the Mental Health Centre in Mannheim confirms this impression. Henn talks about his scientific background and research objectives, moving from there to cooperation with the Psychiatric Clinic and the Cancer Research Centre, notably in the field of functional imaging. Henn is convinced that biological pre-dispositions favouring disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia and depression will soon be better "understood", thus making "more specific therapeutic intervention" possible. The present issue rounds off with the usual columns on "Outside Financing", "Brief Reports from Young Researchers", "News and Views" and the report on the activities of the Stiftung Universität Heidelberg foundation. "Ruperto Carola" costs 10 DM per issue plus postage, 5 DM for students. It appears in German and can be ordered either singly or in the special Support Subscription (60 DM for four issues) from: Pressestelle der Universität Heidelberg, Postfach 10 57 60, D-69047 Heidelberg, Germany. Up
Verantwortlich: Der Rektor Webmaster's letzte Änderung: 30.11.96