Team - Prof. Timo Goeschl, Ph.D. -

Team > Goeschl



Prof. Timo Goeschl, Ph.D.

Chair of Environmental Economics

Alfred-Weber-Institiut for Economics

Heidelberg University

Bergheimerstraße 20

69115 Heidelberg



Phone: 06221/54-8010

Fax: 06221/54-8020


Room: 220

Office hours: Tuesday 5.00 - 6.00 p.m.

Please make an appointment via E-mail (



Short CV

Timo Goeschl (PhD, Economics, University of Cambridge) is Professor of Environmental Economics in the Department of Economics (Alfred Weber-Institute) at Heidelberg University and Director of the Research Center for Environmental Economics at the University. He serves on the board of the Heidelberg Center for the Environment. Timo is also an adjunct professor in the joint Executive MBA program of ESSEC and Mannheim Business School.

Timo is a Co- Editor of Environmental and Resource Economics, on the Editorial Board of the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, and a Research Associate at the Centre for European Economic Research - ZEW in Mannheim. He serves on the scientific board of Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung and in the Senate Commission on Biodiversity Research of the German Research Foundation DFG. Previously, Timo served on the Board of the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (2011-15) and co-chaired the Scientific Committee of the 2014 World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists in Istanbul, Turkey.

Over the years, he has been consultant for a number of public and private organizations, among them the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the OECD, the UK’s Prime Minister’s Strategy Unit, the Environment Agency for England and Wales,and the German Parliament (Bundestag) as well as British Petrol and Anglian Water.

Chronology of key academic appointments:

2011-2013: Head of Department, Department of Economics, Heidelberg University (2005-2011: Deputy Head).

2010: Visiting Professor, LAMETA, Université de Montpellier I.

2005 - : Professor and Chair of Environmental Economics, Heidelberg University, Germany.

2003 – 2005: Assistant Professor, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

2000-2003: University Lecturer, University of Cambridge, UK, and Director, Cambridge Research for the Environment (2001-2003).

1998-1999: Research Fellow, University College London, UK.

1997-1999: Marie Curie-Fellow, University of Cambridge, UK.

Timo Goeschl is recipient of a number of awards and prizes, among them Marsilius-Fellowships, a Fulbright-Schuman Fellowship, an Austrian Academy of Sciences scholarship, and in 1995 the Outstanding Graduate Award (Würdigungspreis) by the Minister for Science and Research for Austria’s top 50 graduates.

Current research

1)  Keeping it local? – An inter-neighborhood experiment on parochialism and the efficiency of multi-level public goods provision (with C. Gallier, M. Kesternich, J. Lohse, C. Reif and D. Römer)

2)  Cooperation in public good games: Calculated or confused? (with J. Lohse)

3)   Natural hazards, public insurance, and private self-insurance (with S. Managi)

4)   To Give or Not to Give: The Price of Contributing and the Provision of Public Goods (with J. Diederich)

Available as a NBER Working Paper here.

5)   Precision requirements in pesticide risk assessments: Contrasting value of information recommendations with the regulatory practice in the EU (with Daniel Heyen).

6)   Risk Assessment under Ambiguity: Precautionary Learning vs. Research Pessimism (with Daniel Heyen and Boris Wiesenfarth).

7)   Learning by Negligence - Torts, Experimentation, and the Value of Information (with Tobias Pfrommer).

8)  What do we learn from public good games about voluntary climate action? Evidence form an artefactual field experiment (with Sara Kettner, Hannes Lohse and Christiane Schwieren).

9)  Motivational Drivers of the Private Provision of Public Goods: Evidence from a Large Framed Field Experiment (with Johannes Diederich).

Journal publications

(36)  Trust, but verify? Monitoring, inspection costs, and opportunism under limited observability (with J. Jarke). Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. 142 (October 2017), 320-330.

(35)  To Mitigate or Not To Mitigate: The Price Elasticity of Pro-Environmental Behavior (with J. Diederich). Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 84 (July 2017), 209-222.

(34)  The Climate Policy Hold-Up: Green Technologies, Intellectual Property Rights, and the Abatement Incentives of International Agreements" (with G. Perino). The Scandinavian Journal of Economics 119(3), 709-732.

(33)  Giving is a question of time: Response times and contributions to a real world public good (with J. Lohse and J. Diederich). Environmental and Resource Economics 67(3), (July 2017), 455-477.

(32)  Registered Replication Report: Rand, Greene, and Nowak (2012) (with S. Bouwmeester et al.). Perspectives on Psychological Science. (March 2017).

(31)  Discussion of ‘Climate Policy’ by Hassler, Krusell & Nycander. Economic Policy 31(87), (July 2016), 546 – 549.

(30)  Second and Third Party Punishment under Costly Monitoring (with. J. Jarke). Journal of Economic Psychology 54 (June 2016), 124-133.

(29)  Group Size and the (In)Efficiency of Pure Public Goods Provision (with J. Diederich and I. Waichman). European Economic Review 85 (June 2016), 272-287.

(28)  The Sopranos Redux: The Empirical Economics of Waste Crime (with C. Almer). Regional Studies 49(11), November 2015, 1908-1921.

(27)  Comprehension of Climate Change and Environmental Attitudes Through the Lifespan (with C. Degen; S.E. Kettner, H. Fischer, J. Lohse, J. Funke, C. Schwieren, and J. Schröder). Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 47(6), August 2014, 490-494.

(26)  Criminalizing Environmental Offences: When the Prosecutor’s Helping Hand Hurts (with O. Jürgens). European Journal of Law and Economics 37(2), April 2014, 199-219.

(25)  Willingness to Pay for Voluntary Climate Action and Its Determinants: Experimental Evidence (with J. Diederich). Environmental and Resource Economics 57(3), March 2014, 405-429

(24)  The Warnings Puzzle: an Upstream Explanation (with J. Jarke). Journal of Regulatory Economics 44(3), October 2013, 339-360.

(23)  The Intergenerational Transfer of Transfer of Solar Radiation Management Technologies and Atmospheric Carbon Stocks (with D. Heyen and J. Moreno-Cruz). Environmental and Resource Economics. September 2013, 56(1), September 2013, 85-104.

(22)  Environmental Quality and Welfare Effects of Improving the Reporting Capability of Citizen Monitoring Schemes (with O. Jürgens). Journal of Regulatory Economics. 42(3), December 2012, 264-286.
(21)  Instrument Choice and Motivation: Evidence from a Climate Change Experiment (with G. Perino). Environmental and Resource Economics 52(2), June 2012, 195-212.
(20)  Explaining uniformity in rule design: The role of citizen participation in enforcement (with O. Jürgens).
International Review of Law and Economics 32(1), March 2012, 166-177.
(19)  The Political Economy of the Environmental Criminal Justice System: A Production Function Approach (with C. Almer). Public Choice 148(3-4), September 2011, 611-630.
(18)  Emissionsvermeidung oder Anpassung an den Klimawandel: Welche Zukunft hat die Klimapolitik? (with H. Bardt, L Feld, K. Konrad, M. Thum, W. Buchholz, D. Rubbelke, C. Hey, K. Holm-Muller, M. Weber, R. Pethig, J. Weimann, Ifo Schnelldienst 64(05), March 2011, 3-29.
(17)  The Biodiversity Bargaining Problem (with R. Gatti, B. Groom, and T. Swanson) . Environmental and Resource Economics 48(4), April 2011, 609-628.

(16)  Environmental Crime and Punishment: Empirical Evidence from the German Penal Code (with C. Almer). Land Economics 86(4), November 2010, 707–726.

(15)  On Backstops and Boomerangs: Environmental R&D under Technological Uncertainty (with G. Perino). Energy Economics 31(5), September 2009, 800-809.

(14)  Optimal Conservation, Extinction Debt, and the Augmented Quasi-Option Value (with A. Leroux and V. Martin). Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 58(1), July 2009, 43-57.

(13)  The Value of Conserving Genetic Resources for R&D (with M. Sarr and T. Swanson). Ecological Economics 67(2), September 2008, 184-193.

(12)   Real options in biodiversity conservation (with A. Leroux and V. Martin), Proceedings in Applied Mathematics and Mechanics (PAMM) 7(1), December 2007, 1080801-1080802.

(11)  Innovation Without Magic Bullets: Stock Pollution and R&D Sequences (with G. Perino). Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 54(2), Sept. 2007, 146-161.

(10)  Property Rights for Biodiversity Conservation and Development: An Analysis of Extractive Reserves in the Brazilian Amazon (with D. Igliori). Development and Change 37(2), March 2006, 427-451.

(9)  Non-Binding Linked-Issues Referenda: Analysis and an Application. Public Choice 124 (3-4), September 2005, 249-266.

(8)  Incentivizing Ecological Destruction: The Joint International Regulation of the Conservation and Use of Biodiversity (with R. Gatti, B. Groom and T. Swanson), Indiana Law Review 38(3), May 2005, 619-635.

(7)  Reconciling Conservation and Development: A Dynamic Hotelling Model of Extractive Reserves (with D. Igliori). Land Economics 80(3), Aug. 2004, 340-54.

(6)  Plagues, Pests, and Patents (with T. Swanson). Journal of the European Economic Association, Vol. 1(2-3), May-June 2003, 561-575.

(5)  The Development Impact of Genetic Use Restriction: A Forecast based on the Hybrid Crop Experience (with T. Swanson). Environment and Development Economics 8, 2003, 149-165.

(4)  The Social Value of Biodiversity for R&D (with T. Swanson). Environmental and Resource Economics 22(4) Aug. 2002, 477-504

(3)  Genetic use restriction technologies and the diffusion of yield gains to developing countries (with T. Swanson). Journal of International Development 12(8) Dec. 2000, 1159-1178.

(2)  An Analysis of the Impacts of Genetic Use Restriction Technologies (GURTs) on Developing Countries (with T. Swanson), International Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 2, Jan-Feb. 2000, 56-84.


People and Biodiversity Policies : Impacts, Issues, and Strategies for Policy Action  (with P. Bagnoli and E. Kovacs). Paris: OECD 2008.


Book contributions

(21)  The Distributive Impact of Intellectual Property Regimes: A Report from the "Natural Experiment" of the Green Revolution (with T. Swanson). In: M. Cimoli, G. Dosi, K.E. Maskus, R.L. Okediji, J.H. Reichman and J. Stiglitz (eds.): Intellectual Property Rights: Legal and Economic Challenges for Development. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press 2014, 264-287.


(20)  Bargaining over global public goods (with B. Groom, J.R.J. Gatti, and T. Swanson). In E. Brousseau, T. Dedeurwaerdere, P.-A. Jouvet, M. Willinger (eds.): Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press 2011, 105-125.



(19)  International experiences to inform The People’s Republic of China’s institutional choices for environmental policy. In: T. Lin and T. Swanson (eds.): Economic Growth and Environmental Regulation. Abingdon/New York: Routledge, 2010, 296-317.

(18)  Distributive Constraints on Environmental Policy in Central Asia. In: J. Qi,, K. Evered (eds.): Environmental Problems of Central Asia and their Economic, Social and Security Impacts. New York: Springer 2009, 311-326.

(17)  Designing the Legacy Library of Genetic Resources: Approaches, Methods, Results (with T. Swanson). In: A. Kontoleon, U. Pascual and T. Swanson (eds.): Frontiers in Biodiversity Economics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2007, 273-292.

(16)  Do patent-style intellectual property rights on transgenic crops harm the environment? In: J. Wesseler (ed.): Environmental Costs and Benefits of Transgenic Crops in Europe: Implications for Research, Production, and Consumption. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers 2005, 203-218.

(15)  Diffusion and Distribution: The Impacts on Poor Countries of Technological Enforcement within the Biotechnology Sector (with T. Swanson). In: K. Maskus and J. Reichman (eds.): International Public Goods and Transfer of Technology under a Globalized Intellectual Property Regime. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005, 669-694.

(14)  The Inappropriateness of the Patent System for Addressing Recurring Problems of Resistance (with T. Swanson). In: R. Laxminarayan: Battling Resistance to Antibiotics and Pesticides: An Economic Approach. Washington. D.C.: RFF Press 2003, 293 – 329.

(13)  Stakes in the Evolutionary Race. The Value of Medicinal Plants. In: C. Johnson and C. Franz (eds.): Breeding Research on Medicinal Plants. Haworth Press, NY 2002, 373-388.

(12)  The Impacts of GURTS: Agricultural R&D and Appropriation Mechanisms (with T. Swanson). In T. Swanson (ed): Biotechnology, Agriculture and the Developing World. The Distributional Implications of Technological Change. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar 2002, 44-66.

(11)  The Impacts of GURTS on Developing Countries: A Preliminary Assessment (with T. Swanson). In T. Swanson (ed): Biotechnology, Agriculture and the Developing World. The Distributional Implications of Technological Change. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar 2002, 177-197.

(10)  Forecasting the impact of genetic use restriction technologies: a case study on the impact of hybrid crop varieties (with T. Swanson). In T. Swanson (ed): Biotechnology, Agriculture and the Developing World. The Distributional Implications of Technological Change. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar 2002, 198-218.

(9)  Policy Options for the Biotechnology Revolution: What can be done to address the distributional implications of biotechnologies (with T. Swanson). In T. Swanson (ed): Biotechnology, Agriculture and the Developing World. The Distributional Implications of Technological Change. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar 2002, 249-270.

(8)  Intellectual Property Rights in Global Agriculture and their Impact on the Diffusion of Productivity Gains (with T. Swanson). In: D. O'Connor (ed.): Technology and Poverty Reduction in Asia and the Pacific. OECD Publications 2002.

(7)  On the Economic Limits to Technological Potential: Will Industry Resolve the Resistance Problem? (with T. Swanson). In: Swanson, T. (ed): The Economics of Managing Biotechnologies. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002, ch. 4.

(6)  The Diffusion of Benefits from Biotechnological Developments: The Impact of Use Restrictions on the Distribution of Benefits (with T. Swanson). In: Swanson, T. (ed): The Economics of Managing Biotechnologies. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers 2002, ch. 10.

(5)  The Impact of Genetic Use Restriction Technologies on Developing Countries: A Forecast. In: Evenson, R., Zilberman, D. (eds).: Economic and Social Issues in Agricultural Biotechnology. Wallingford: CABI. 2002.


(4)  Of Terminator Genes and Developing Countries: What are the Impacts of Appropriation Technologies on Technological Diffusion (with T. Swanson). In: M. Qaim, A Krattiger and J.v. Braun: Agricultural Biotechnology in Developing Countries: Towards Optimizing the Benefits for the Poor. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000, 237-254.

(3)  Ecology, Information, Externalities and Policies: The Optimal Management of Biodiversity for Agriculture (with T. Swanson). In: G.H. Peters and J. von Braun (eds.): Food Security, Diversification and Resource Management: Refocusing the Role of Agriculture, Brookfield: Ashgate, 1999.

(2)  Optimal Genetic Resource Conservation: In Situ and Ex Situ (with T. Swanson). In: Brush, S. (ed.): Genes in the Field: On-Farm Conservation of Crop Diversity. IDRC/Lewis 1999.


(1)  Market/Non-Market Incentives and Agricultural Policies for On-Farm Conservation. In: Jarvis, D. and T. Hodgkin (eds.): Strengthening the Scientific Basis of On Farm Conservation of Agricultural Biodiversity. Rome: IPGRI/FAO, 1998.


In the News

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Interview im Bayerischen Rundfunk am 24. November 2011 zur Umweltkriminalität in Deutschland:

Im Tagesspiegel, Juli 2011

Im Ifo Schnelldienst, März 2011-11-25

Interview auf Zeit Online zu Klimaverhandlungen 2008





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